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This thesis examines the group known as the `tobacco lords' of Glasgow who made up the inner circle or elite of merchants trading to the American colonies in tobacco during the greater part of the eighteenth century, c. 1700 - 1780. College/School, https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b1360864, D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain, H Social Sciences > HD Industries. In more recent times the issue of Glasgow’s involvement with slavery in the American Colonies and the… unpopular Scots factors engrossing the tobacco trade upon every river, in Glasgow, the scarlet cloaks of the tobacco lords-or Virginia dons-parading in awesome solitude along the pavement by the Exchange reserved by prescription for them alone.12 But how did this come about? Next, having established their place in the expanding commercial life of the city, the thesis turns to the less measurable aspects of their influence and examines first their political effects. 0 Reviews. They invested their money in industry and land and many built townhouses in the centre of Glasgow, spreading westwards from Trongate. Today we know the former Cunningham Mansion as the Gallery of Modern Art on Royal Exchange Square. Tobacco Lords - American Revolution. The Bay series 2 cast: who stars in the ITV drama with Scott... Crime writer Ian Rankin tells of 'tough' situation being una... Craig Ferguson says he was ‘taught to fear and loathe the En... Outlander: Gaelic and Scots phrases used on the show - and w... Scotland's 20 greatest TV shows of all-time - ranked in orde... Stuart Martin interview: lockdown with the star of Miss Scar... Who is Lashana Lynch? As the American Wars of Independence kicked off in 1775, the continuance of Glasgow’s tobacco empire was under serious threat. But it was actually named after one of Glasgow's most famous ‘Tobacco Lords’. Glasgow benefitted considerably from the slave trade, but would later find itself at the forefront of the abolitionist movement. Tobacco had built Glasgow, but success came at a heavy moral price. Tom Devine tells how they did it. The Glasgow Tobacco Lords made sure everybody knew who they were by wearing ostentatious clothing as well as building lavish mansions and churches throughout the city. Andrew Buchanan of Drumpellier was a Scottish tobacco merchant with plantations in Virginia. Smoke gets in your eyes – but it also made the fortunes of the Clydeside merchants who shipped in the golden leaf from the New World and transformed Glasgow into an international commercial centre. Virginia Street, Jamaica Street, Tobago Street and the Kingston Bridge continue to reflect the sources of their wealth. Goods such as cloth, copper and firearms left Britain to be exchanged for slaves in West Africa, who would then be shipped across the Atlantic to work on plantations in America and the West Indies. Glasgow's tobacco lords: an examination of wealth creators in the eighteenth century. Learn more about the tobacco trade that helped Glasgow grow from a small town to a city of commerce. The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities, C. 1740-90. Edinburgh: John Donald We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn who the Tobacco Lords were and what made them so successful. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Those that survived were forced to adapt their business model, with many continuing to make good profits from importing cotton from the West Indies. This thesis examines the group known as the `tobacco lords' of Glasgow who made up the inner circle or elite of merchants trading to the American colonies in tobacco during the greater part of the eighteenth century, c. 1700 - 1780. The tobacco lords: A study of the tobacco merchants of Glasgow and their trading activities, c. 1740-90 This topic will allow learners to learn about the power and wealth of the tobacco lords, how they … Subscribe to our daily newsletter (requires registration). The Glasgow tobacco lords made their money from re-exporting tobacco through Scottish ports as well as by handling the domestic demand for tobacco. The market in tobacco was dominated by the Glasgow merchants who manipulated prices (as the colonists claimed) and caused great distress among Maryland and Virginia planters, who by the time of the outbreak of war had accumulated debts of around £1,000,000, a huge sum at the time. Donald, 1975 - Glasgow (Scotland) - 209 pages. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. House of an old tobacco lord which features heavily in Glasgows history. Edinburgh: John Donal We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For example, the Tobacco Lords definitely had their own style. The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities c. 1740–90. 8lbid. Thomas Martin Devine. The Tobacco Lords of Glasgow. Buy The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities, c.1740-90 New edition by Devine, Tom M. (ISBN: 9780748601721) from Amazon's Book Store. For although the Tobacco Lords of Glasgow were discussed in the history of Glasgow when I was at school, the fact that the tobacco trade was founded on slavery was never really referred to. Tom Devine tells how they did it. As much work has already been done in the past to explain these merchants' activities and successes in the economic sphere, this thesis focuses instead on the social and ideological history of this group as related to their particular eighteenth-century environment in the city of Glasgow. Labor, College of Arts > School of Humanities > History. Synopsis Beginning in Glasgow during the Jacobite Rising of 1745, this is the story of two very different women - Annabella Ramsay, daughter of a rich tobacco lord, and Regina Chisholm, a child of the slums determined to make something of herself.' Tobacco Lords: | The |Tobacco Lords| (or “|Virginia Dons|”) were |Glasgow| merchants who in the 18th Centu... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. William Cunninghame's (greatly expanded and embellished) mansion now houses the Glasgow Gallery of Modern Art. The wealthy "Tobacco Lords" were the city's elite. ; the London and English figures are from Customs 2, Customs 3, and William Cunninghame of Lainshaw (1731–1799) was a leading Tobacco Lord who headed one of the major Glasgow syndicates that came to dominate the transatlantic tobacco trade. The Tobacco Lords of Glasgow. Imperial Glasgow became the major shipping destination for tobacco from the British Empire's American colonies in the 1700s. It is said that for 50 years from 1740 to 1790, Glasgow became the hub for the world’s tobacco – at times trading more than all the English ports put together. But it was actually named after one of Glasgow's most famous ‘Tobacco Lords’. Glasgow’s tobacco merchants soon dwindled with many going out of business altogether – one such man being renowned tobacco lord, John Glassford, who died in 1783 with debts close to £100,000. Glasgow's most well known street, Buchanan Street, is named after former Lord Provost and tobacco merchant Andrew Buchanan (Image: Media Scotland). We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. The Glasgow Story - Industrial Revolution - 1770s to 1830s. This was a significant advantage, as was the decision by the government of France to provide Glasgow with a monopoly over all tobacco imports into French territories. Buy The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities, c.1740-90 by Devine, Tom M. online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Description. The 1707 Act of Union allowed Scotland access to the vast English colonial markets across the world - particularly in North America. The three most prominent Glasgow ‘Tobacco Lords’ were William Cunningham, Alexander Speirs and John Glassford. Between 1740 and 1770, Glasgow’s tobacco trade with the New World was at its height. This examination starts with an attempt to establish the criteria under which the personnel can be justifiably viewed as forming this inner circle; and thus establishes their numbers and origins and examines the process of their growth and expansion as they absorb new members in successive waves, as the importance and size of this elite develops throughout the eighteenth century with the expansion of the tobacco trade. As their wealth increased, giving them an opportunity to consolidate their social position through the acquisition of property in land, their political outlooks and views can be established also to some extent by examining the sides they took in electorial activity at the county level. Glasgow had hit the jackpot. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow. • Lost Edinburgh: the city centre motorway plan, • Subscribe to our daily newsletter (requires registration) and get the latest news, sport and business headlines delivered to your inbox every morning, • You can also follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Google +, This website and its associated newspaper are members of Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). In comparison to London, ships departing from the Clyde were within touching distance of the Trade Winds of the North Atlantic, cutting journey times by up to twenty days. image caption Cochrane Street, named after tobacco lord Andrew Cochrane, was renamed Sheku Bayoh Street Anti-racism campaigners have renamed streets in Glasgow … Andrew Buchanan of Drumpellier was a Scottish tobacco merchant with plantations in Virginia. (1990) The Tobacco Lords were behind new innovations and systems of crop harvesting. Much has been written about all three, in particular detailing how they and others, developed the trade, ran their businesses and with whom. What people are saying - Write a review. • Visit Lost Glasgow on their Facebook page. It establishes the dominant ideological outlook as shown by their activities as leading members of the Town Council. The tobacco lords: A study of the tobacco merchants of Glasgow and their trading activities, c. 1740-90 [Devine, T. M] on Amazon.com. The University of Glasgow is a registered Scottish charity: Registration Number SC004401, Browse by Most of the tobacco shipped from American slave plantations was sold to France. During the age of the tobacco lords, the city had grown from a small town of less than 20,000 to a booming metropolis approaching 200,000 citizens. From the 1750s onwards, the Clyde was handling a larger share of Europe’s tobacco than all the British ports combined. The tobacco, cotton, sugar and rum that the slaves produced would then be shipped back to Britain. Five inspirational quotes from Robert Burns, JK Rowling on Twitter: why the Harry Potter author has been accused of transphobia on social media platforms. From inside the book . Britain was on the brink of a new industrial dawn, and cities such as Glasgow, were well-equipped to flourish. Scotland’s days as a major tobacco trader were over, but half a century of commercial success and the massive investment in infrastructure which went with it meant all was not lost. Discover the history of the Glasgow Tobacco Lords, as part of the Scottish Archive Networks online Black History Exhibition. During this time, 40-50 per cent of all Europe’s tobacco imports arrived at Glasgow, Port Glasgow and Greenock, with the precious commodity accounting for 80 per cent of all Scottish re-exports. Copyright of this thesis is held by the author. The impact of the Tobacco Lords on Glasgow's architectural heritage remains today. Dr … Land use. Our walking tour takes you through the streets of Glasgow where the Tobacco Lords lived and worked, highlighting key events and organisations involved in their rise to prominence. During the 18th century an estimated 1.5 million slaves were transported from West Africa to the Americas by British ships. Image of glasgows, grunge, miller - 155926584 Photo about The Tobacco Lords house in Glasgow on Miller street. European demand for Virginia leaf was insatiable, and the small burgh of Glasgow, with its direct access to the North Atlantic via the Clyde, soon found itself in a hugely-enviable position. Glasgow’s tobacco lords reigned supreme and their lavish townhouses littered the growing city centre which spread west from the Trongate. The Cuninghame Mansion – now The Gallery of Modern Art – was built by William Cuninghame, one of the four main ‘Tobacco Lords’ during Glasgow’s ‘golden age of tobacco’, 1740-1790. Paperback – January 1, 1967 by Nichol Norman (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Beginning in Glasgow during the Jacobite Rising of 1745, The Tobacco Lords Trilogy is the epic story of two very different women - Annabelle Ramsay, the wilful and impetuous daughter of a rich Tobacco Lord, and Regina Chisholm, a child of the slums, born to a life of poverty and degradation yet determined to make something of herself. St Andrew's in the Square is today Glasgow's Centre for Scottish Culture, promoting Scottish music, song and dance. Glasgow’s tobacco merchants soon dwindled with many going out of business altogether – one such man being renowned tobacco lord, John Glassford, who died in 1783 with debts close to £100,000. Tobacco in particular was central and by 1770 Glasgow was a major entrepot for Virginian tobacco which was then re-exported to Europe. ©JPIMedia Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved. Then & There Series. The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities c. 1740–90. Smoke gets in your eyes – but it also made the fortunes of the Clydeside merchants who shipped in the golden leaf from the New World and transformed Glasgow into an international commercial centre. Other notable tobacco lords such as John Glassford, Andrew Buchanan and Archibald Ingram were immortalised in the names of major streets. The tobacco lords became successful because they were able to monopolise tobacco and sugar crops. Leading tobacco and sugar plantation owner, William Cunninghame, parted with enough cash to build a mansion fit for a king. John Glassford, William Cunninghame and Alexander Spiers, 3 of Glasgow's 'Tobacco Lords', are interviewed on Reporting Scotland by Murray McFarlane. Glasgow & The Tobacco Lords. The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities, c.1740-90 by Devine, Tom M. at AbeBooks.co.uk - ISBN 10: 0748601724 - ISBN 13: 9780748601721 - Edinburgh University Press - 1990 - Softcover Peters, Carolyn Marie The thesis then examines their business policies and the qualities which arose from this to give them success in their commercial ventures. At the forefront of this success was a group of men known as the Tobacco Lords. As you can imagine, this created a lot of money. They were part of the infamous Triangular Trade which turned people into commodities. Once the dust settled in 1783, the newly-founded American republic could cut out the middle men and trade with Europe on its own. 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